A lot of clients and colleagues ask me how I build out SharePoint in my lab so I decided to author a simple “how I did it” article on SharePoint 2010 installation. My environment is an 8GB Vista 64 Bit Ultimate running VMWare workstation 7.0. The host operating system typically only supports my Subversion repository and runs nothing else, all development, testing, and configuration happens on my development (guest) OS which, in this case is a 64 Bit Windows Server 2008 R2 *** It must be 64 bit ***.
Warnings and Gotchas
SharePoint Server must be 64 Bit
If you install the server as a domain controller it should have a fixed/static IP address
No matter how well you configure your server the SharePoint installer will still want to install additional roles and services from the internet therefore the server must have a network connection
SQL Server requires version 10.0.2714 or so which is quite difficult to configure as it requires several hot fixes to get to the necessary patch level
This server is a full SQL Server, Domain Controller, SharePoint Application Server, and Development Server so it’s more than just “all-in-one”. For that reason, I have included some screenshots showing how I configured everything on this server.
Here’s the requisite software
Windows Server 2008 R2 (64 Bit)
SQL Server 2008 – You will have to every service pack imaginable so please please please get the most recent media you can find
Install Windows Server 2008 R2 on VMWare or in your HyperV environment – The steps to follow can easily be ported to a HyperV installation so don’t worry, just continue on. If you’re building a physical box, no problem, simply continue on past the VMWare portion.
Note that I’m naming this server something generic so that I can clone it before installing SharePoint 2010, that way if I make a mistake I can roll back.
Don’t be stingy on the space, you’ll regret it later if you are
After installation completes you should see a screen similar to the one shown below
Before you do anything (if this server is going to be a Domain Controller), you need to give it a hard IP
Add the Active Directory Domain Services role
Set the password in computer management (since we’re not part of a domain yet do not use active directory users and computers ‘ADUC’)
Leave the “DNS Server” checkbox checked, this will allow you to easily test Alternate Access Mappings in SharePoint
The server will reboot and log you back in automatically, if you are not logged back in remember to use the administrator account as the accounts you previously had on the server may no longer be valid depending on the password complexity that you originally chose.
Add the following roles if you haven’t done so already
Remote Desktop Services
Web Server (IIS)
IIS 6 Management Compatibility
Leave the default services selected for the IIS Web Server (IIS) Role
Add IIS 6 Management Compatibility (required by SharePoint 2010)
After reboot, under administrative tools open Active Directory Users and Computers. Create an organizational unit called “Service Accounts” and create the following users.
SharePoint Application Pool
SharePoint Search Service
SharePoint Search Content Access
Also create a SharePoint Administration account that you might use instead of your personal login. Hint, this is useful when you want to take screenshots and not have your name on every single item (Unless you’ve got a nerdy name like Ulysses and you want to see it everywhere).
Run windows update
Now shut down the server and take a snapshot
Take a snapshot!
The next part of this series will cover the SQL 2008 installation and configuration.
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SharePoint 2010 Installation Part 1 – Server Build, 9.2 out of 10 based on 13 ratings
Ulysses Ludwig is a SharePoint architect with over 16 years in the IT and computer industry. Ulysses' primary focus is SharePoint but he dabbles in the latest web technologies and likes to develop software in his spare time.
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